Date of Award

5-2014

Document Type

Honors Thesis

Department/Major

Psychology

First Advisor

Dr. Harry Freeman

Second Advisor

Dr. Angela Helmer

Third Advisor

Dr. Lana Svien

Keywords

Normative Attachment Formation, Institutional Care, Orphanage Care, Indiscriminate Friendliness, Peer to Peer Attachment

Subject Categories

Developmental Psychology | Psychology

Abstract

Attachment bonds are assumed to exist in nearly all non-institutional settings (Bowlby, 1958, 1983), with strength of the attachment being the most significant variable. However, these attachments may not have the opportunity to form when caregiver presence is inconsistent. This often occurs within orphanages or other institutional settings (Dozier & Rutter, 2008). In the current study the author observed behaviors among infants, caregivers, and external figures within an Ecuadorian orphanage over a six week period. Minimal requirements for attachment within institutional care were explored through qualitative analysis of these observations. In this particular orphanage, although physical, structural, and immediate emotional needs were largely met, infants did not express behaviors typical of children who have formed attachment relationships. The formation of attachment, therefore, may be more strongly associated with the consistent presence of specified caregivers and caregiver exclusivity than the quality of the care received.

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.