Date of Award
Kinesiology and Sport Management
sleep, sleep debt, student athletes, sports performance, recovery
Exercise Science | Kinesiology | Sports Sciences
This paper reviewed the literature regarding sleep and athletic performance, specifically identifying the problem of sleep debt in student athletes, the effects of sleep debt, and what factors negatively influence sleep, along with how to improve sleep. The literature revealed that it is common for athletes to not get adequate sleep. Sleep debt can have psychomotor and physiological effects on the body, which decreases optimal athletic performance. The many factors that negatively impact sleep include high intensity training sessions, travel, sleep disturbances, caffeine and/or alcohol consumption, and pre-competition anxiety. Recommendations for athletes that are struggling to achieve adequate sleep include, but are not limited to; ingestion of melatonin at night to help with sleep onset, removal of electronic device to improve total sleep duration, avoiding caffeine ingestion caffeine after 5:00PM, participating in mental skills training to prepare for competition and cope with pre-competition anxiety, avoid alcohol after heavy load days, try to achieve the recommended hours of sleep per the NSF guidelines, and use opportunities for sleep extension.
Pratt, Rylan J., "The Impact of Sleep on Athletic Performance: A Review of the Literature" (2022). Honors Thesis. 245.