Date of Award

Spring 4-8-2022

Document Type

Honors Thesis


Health Science

First Advisor

Angela Landeen

Second Advisor

Beate Wone

Third Advisor

Jamie Turgeon-Drake


WIC, community heatlh needs assessment, breastfeeding, nutrition, care, prevention

Subject Categories

Maternal and Child Health | Medicine and Health Sciences | Public Health


The supplemental nutrition program of women, infants and children (WIC) is a nationwide program designed to give women and children access to basic nutritional foods, breastfeeding services, and healthcare referrals. WIC has been shown to help prevent some diseases such as nutritional deficiencies or type two diabetes by requiring participants to attend pre- and postnatal appointments and nutritional counseling. The effectiveness of the WIC program is not well known in individual states. The purpose of this research is to identify trends of the WIC program and resources within South Dakota through an analysis of the community health needs assessments. The Department of Health requires WIC clinics to return community health needs assessments annually. After receipt of the assessments, Ravens Eye, a data analysis software, was used to evaluate the data. WIC continues to provide effective services by collaborating with other community services that have similar goals as WIC. These services could include breastfeeding and nutritional knowledge and services for children and their caregivers. Based on the findings of this research, these services meet WIC participant needs. A few of the main barriers perceived by WIC staff that exist for WIC participants specific to South Dakota are general access to some services and a lack of public transportation. There appears to be few to none breastfeeding gaps which is a positive effect WIC has on breastfeeding.



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