Date of Award

Spring 2019

Document Type

Honors Thesis


Kinesiology and Sport Management

First Advisor

Dr. Talin Louder

Second Advisor

Dr. Hyung Suk Yang

Third Advisor

Mr. Jon Carey


IT Band Syndrome, Risk Factors, Runner


Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) is one of the most common injuries among long distance runners of all skill levels. ITBS is a painful and somewhat debilitating injury designated by pain of the Iliotibial band (ITB) which occurs on the lateral side of the knee. The pain associated with ITBS can not only affect running, but also everyday activities. While ITBS is typically an overuse injury, there can be many factors that play a role. This review outlines various anatomical factors, training factors, environmental factors, running form factors, footwear factors, and physiological factors that play a role in the causation of ITBS. By compiling information pertaining to the causation and prevention of ITBS, this paper provides an in-depth review of the literature to better understand what factors can lead to ITBS, and what can be done to prevent it from becoming an issue in the first place. The goal of this review paper is to address the occurrence of ITBS in long distance runners by providing an evidence-based collection of risk factors intended to increase awareness of relevant risk factors and offer preventative measures for runners to reduce the likelihood of developing IT band syndrome.



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