Sedentary Behavior, Quality of Life, and Perceived Occupational Performance Following Goal-Based Interventions among Community-Dwelling Older Adults
Older adults, aged 65 and older, who participate in prolonged sedentary behaviors are at an increased risk for adverse health outcomes, disease, and disability. There is limited research exploring the relationship between sedentary behaviors, physical activity, and the effect on occupational performance. This study utilized a one-group, pretest-posttest design. The aim was to explore physical activity, sedentary behavior, quality of life, and perceived occupational performance among community-dwelling older adults before and after goal-based, occupational therapy interventions involving meaningful occupations. This study included a group of six community-dwelling older adults, two males and four females, between the ages of 76 and 87 (M = 81.83, SD = 3.87). Preliminary data demonstrate that participants increased their perception of occupational performance from 5.17 (SD=1.95) to 6.07 (SD=2.63) following goal-based intervention. Similarly, participants demonstrated an increase in their perceived satisfaction with their occupational performance from 4.67 (SD=1.96) to 6.65 (SD=2.48) following goal-based intervention. Further data analysis will be conducted to determine the significance of these aforementioned values. Additional comparisons of pretest and posttest results will determine the significance of other assessment measures of physical activity, sedentary behaviors, quality of life, and perceived occupational performance among community-dwelling older adults. Keywords: Sedentary behaviors, older adults, community-dwelling, quality of life, goal-based interventions
Dendinger, Michaela; Heier, Vitoria; Michels, Madison; and Vandenberg, Dana, "Sedentary Behavior, Quality of Life, and Perceived Occupational Performance Following Goal-Based Interventions among Community-Dwelling Older Adults" (2020). IdeaFest. 104.