Parental Involvement in Childhood Sports: The Effects on Self-Esteem of Current College Athletes

Document Type


Publication Date



Educational Psychology | Student Counseling and Personnel Services


This study will examine how parental involvement in childhood sports is related to the self-esteem of current college athletes. To assess these domains, the Parental Involvement in Activities Scale (PIAS) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scales (RSE) were used along with a demographic form created specifically for this research to better understand the population under study. Our population consisted of current college athletes from the University of South Dakota who are in various sports at the university. Participants were asked to respond to the PIAS retrospectively, thinking back on their parents' involvement in their childhood sports activities. The RSE Scales were used to assess their current self-esteem levels. We hypothesized that college athletes who experienced positive parental involvement in childhood sports will also currently experience positive self-esteem. This study could potentially provide information on how parents can appropriately participate in their child's sports and create a better understanding of parental involvement on self-esteem.

First Advisor

Gabrielle Strouse

Research Area

Counseling & Psychology in Education

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