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dynamic, static, stretching, collegiate, soccer


Background: Stretching has been used in athletics as a means of warming up the muscles prior to activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate static, dynamic, and no stretching on triple hop distance. Methods: Twenty-one volunteers (ages 18-22) from a Division I women’s soccer team were randomly grouped into one of 3 intervention rotation groups. All subjects participated in 5 minutes of dynamic, static, or no stretching protocols on each of 3 days, depending upon the rotation timeline. Active ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (AROM) measurements with knee extended and knee flexed were recorded for both dominant (DL) and non-dominant (NDL) limbs pre/post-intervention. The single-leg triple hop distance was determined as the mean of three trials on either the DL or the NDL. Results: There were no significant differences (alpha = .05) in AROM change in degrees of motion associated with stretching modality. Dynamic stretching yielded the greatest hop distance for both single limbs (DL mean = 390.45 cm; NDL mean = 390.00 cm) compared to no stretching (DL mean = 382.27 cm; NDL mean = 380.70 cm) and static stretching (DL mean = 376.35; NDL mean = 379.51 cm). Paired t-tests revealed statistically significant differences (p = .046) for NDL triple hop distance between dynamic stretching and static stretching and a trend towards significance (p = .051) for the DL under the same conditions. No other statistical significance was seen. Conclusion: Although the benefits of dynamic or static stretching were not statistically more beneficial than no stretching prior to power activities, dynamic stretching yielded the best results. Therefore, it is preferable to participate in dynamic stretching prior to competition in collegiate level women’s soccer.

First Advisor

Patti Berg

Second Advisor

Matt Dewald

Research Area

Physical Therapy, Medical Biology