Teacher Efficacy and the COVID-19 Pandemic

Document Type


Publication Date



teacher efficency, pandemic, COVID-19, student achievement


The COVID-19 pandemic had a profound impact on the entire world. Almost every profession or industry was affected, and among the most affected was education. As the pandemic forced teachers to adapt to new styles of teaching, such as hybrid learning environments or all remote learning environments, notable stress was added to teachers’ workdays and each country in the world responded to the pandemic differently. Given that teachers are the most important indicator of student achievement, it is important that teachers have a strong sense of efficacy or their belief in their own ability to be successful in their work with students. This proposal will seek to demonstrate the impact that the COVID-19 pandemic had on teacher efficacy by comparing teachers’ ratings of efficacy prior to and during the pandemic. We will survey a limited convenience sample of teachers from New Jersey and will use the Teacher Beliefs TSES scale to collect data with Google Form surveys. We expect to find that the COVID-19 pandemic had a negative impact on teacher efficacy, and likewise will demonstrate the importance of deliberate and continued professional development for teachers working through challenges created by the pandemic.

First Advisor

Gabrielle Strouse

Research Area

Educational Administration

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