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Perfectionism, stress, and sleep hygiene are topics that are heavily researched in graduate health programs. However, it is not known how these topics are related to physical therapy students. The purpose of this literature review was to examine the relationship between perfectionism, perceived stress, and sleep hygiene in physical therapy students. The authors searched three databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, and CINHAL) and 20 articles ultimately met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. The authors reviewed each article twice using the NIH quality assessment tool. Eighteen of the articles included talked about stress among physical therapy students and how that may impact them in school. The remaining articles looked at the impact of sleep quality and depression, anxiety, and stress among physical therapy students. Salivary cortisol levels and the perceived stress scale (PSS) were the most common tools utilized when assessing stress in the articles included in this study. Mindfulness, meditation, massage, and a health enhancement program were some interventions mentioned in the articles about stress. Academic stress was a reoccurring stressor in many studies mentioned by physical therapy students. According to the research, stress seems to be a major component of a physical therapy students’ life. No research was found about perfectionism within our inclusion criteria and limited research was found about sleep hygiene. More research is needed to compare these three areas of interest in physical therapy students.

First Advisor

Joy Karges-Brown

Research Area

Physical Therapy