DEVELOPMENT OF AN UPPER EXTREMITY 'SWING COUNT' and Performance Measures in NCAA Division I Volleyball Players over A COMPETITIVE SEASON.
Int J Sports Phys Ther
Background: Monitoring the volume of activity (i.e. pitch counts) and tracking upper extremity (UE) performance changes is common in overhead athletes; however, a lack of evidence exists for volleyball players.Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in shoulder mobility, strength, and pain, along with UE swing count volume in Division I collegiate female volleyball athletes over a competitive season.Study Design: Observational, longitudinal study.
Methods: Swing count data was collected during two separate days of practice during weeks 1, 7, and 14 of the competitive season. Perceived swing counts were collected after each practice from athletes and two coaches. Actual swing counts were tallied by retrospective viewing of video footage. Dominant shoulder internal (IR) and external rotation (ER) range of motion (ROM) and isometric strength, along with UE pain, were assessed on five occasions: baseline, in-season (weeks 1, 7, 14) and post-season (week 22).
Results: Five Division I female volleyball athletes participated. Perceived UE swing counts among coaching staff were significantly correlated with actual swing count (
Conclusions: UE swing count estimates by coaching staff demonstrated higher correlation with actual swing counts obtained through video recording, as compared to volleyball athlete self-report. This cohort experienced increased shoulder IR strength and ER ROM over a competitive season. Shoulder IR ROM decreased during the first 14 weeks with a large effect size. Monitoring UE performance changes and swing count volume may have implications for injury prevention and program development for volleyball athletes.
Level of Evidence: Level 2B.
Physical Therapy | Physiotherapy
Ness, Brandon M; Tao, Hanz; Javers, Dustin; Thielsen, Allison; Tvedt, Hans; Whitcher, James; and Zimney, Kory, "DEVELOPMENT OF AN UPPER EXTREMITY 'SWING COUNT' and Performance Measures in NCAA Division I Volleyball Players over A COMPETITIVE SEASON." (2019). Faculty Publications. 19.