Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT)


Health Science

Faculty Mentor

Joy Karges-Brown, PT, EdD, MS


Perfectionism, Social Media, Sleep Quality, Sleep Hygiene, Stress, Health Professional Program, Graduate Student, Undergraduate Student, Impact, Effect

Subject Categories

Physical Therapy | Rehabilitation and Therapy


Title: Impact of Perfectionism, Social Media, and Sleep Hygiene, on Stress in Students from Health Professions Programs

Purpose: Explore the impact and relationships of perfectionism, sleep, and social media on stress in health profession students.

Methods: After IRB approval, 62 health pre-professional/professional students completed this non-experimental survey via Qualtrics. The survey consisted of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), questions about social media usage, and demographic characteristics. Surveys were completed in 2021.

Results: Participant demographics included: 50 female, 12 male; Mean Age (24.16); Program of Study (23 PT, 9 OT, 13 PA, 17 Undergraduate); GPA (3.00-3.49=10, 3.50-3.99=36, 4.00=16). The FMPS average was 89.2742 (76.0619 percentile). Correlations between Perfectionism and PSS (r = .463), Daily Screen Time and PSS (r=.294), and PSQI and PSS (r=.611) were significant. Mean global score for PSQI was 6.77. Average sleep per night was 7.32 hours. Mean total PSS score was 22.500 with 4.8% in the low-stress category (0-13), 69.4% in the moderate-stress category (14-26), and 25.8% in the high-stress category (27-40). 52.2% of the variability seen in perceived stress was related to perfectionism, sleep, and social media.

Conclusion: A majority of students reported moderate stress, poor sleep quality, and higher than average perfectionism scores. There are other factors related to stress than what was included in this study. Faculty should be aware of the impact that sleep, perfectionism, and social media have on student stress and should provide strategies to assist with stress management.



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