Type 2 diabetes, Middle East and North Africa, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Prediabetes, Complications
Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism | Public Health
Type 2 diabetes continues to be a serious and highly prevalent public health problem worldwide. In 2019, the highest prevalence of diabetes in the world at 12.2%, with its associated morbidity and mortality, was found in the Middle East and North Africa region. In addition to a genetic predisposition in its population, evidence suggests that obesity, physical inactivity, urbanization, and poor nutritional habits have contributed to the high prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes in the region. These risk factors have also led to an earlier onset of type 2 diabetes among children and adolescents, negatively affecting the productive years of the youth and their quality of life. Furthermore, efforts to control the rising prevalence of diabetes and its complications have been challenged and complicated by the political instability and armed conflict in some countries of the region and the recent coronavirus disease 2019. Broad strategies, coupled with targeted interventions at the regional, national, and community levels are needed to address and curb the spread of this public health crisis.
World Journal of Diabetes
El-Kebbi, Imad; Bidikian, Nayda; Hneiny, Layal; and Nasrallah, Mona, "Epidemiology of type 2 diabetes in the Middle East and North Africa: Challenges and call for action" (2021). Faculty Publications. 36.